Safeguard Your Eye Health with Annual Eye Exams
When the macula (central part of the retina) becomes damaged, it can cause central vision loss. This damage may be caused by age-related macular degeneration, which is the leading cause of vision loss in people 50 and older.
There are two types of AMD, dry and wet:
Cataracts cause the lens in the eye to become cloudy as proteins begin to break down, slowly impairing vision. Many of us will develop cataracts as we grow older, which is why cataracts are common in patients over 60. However, some patients may begin to develop cataracts in their 40s.
When your lenses begin to cloud, it can cause your vision to blur or increase your sensitivity to light. You may also develop double vision or notice everything appears slightly yellowed.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in people over 60 years old. However, if you take preventative measures and seek treatment as soon as possible, the condition can usually be prevented or at least mitigated.
Glaucoma occurs when the eye’s optic nerve becomes damaged. This can happen from the fluid in your eye, called aqueous humor, has trouble draining. When fluid builds up, your eye’s internal pressure (intraocular pressure or IOP) will rise, crushing the optic nerve and slowly damaging it over time.
We use the handheld Icare tonometer to test your IOP and check for early signs of glaucoma. The Icare tonometer does not require anesthesia and is less intrusive than the “air puff” test.
This convenient, handheld device allows you the freedom to sit, stand, or lay down during the test – whichever is most comfortable for you. Additionally, the test is quick, and most patients report no pain or discomfort.
Floaters can appear like small dots or specks in your vision, seeming to float in front of your eye. They are clumps of cells within the vitreous (or jelly-like substance that fills your eye) that cast shadows on your retina.
Usually, floaters are not serious and tend to break down on their own. Severe floaters can be removed surgically, but the procedure is risky and generally unnecessary.
Flashes might appear as flashing lights or streaks of lightning in your field of vision. They sometimes present themselves as “seeing stars” after you hit your head.
Flashes occur when the vitreous rubs and pulls on the retina.